The Education of Optometry in Kenia

Optometry is a healthcare profession and a substantial discipline in the line of eye care and vision as it involves examining, diagnosing and treating the eyes, and identifying the conditions that affect the vision and the vision information processing. Optometry further examines and diagnose other disorders that are likely to affect the human eyes as well as their vision. Optometrist study is crucial in that it requires an in-depth understanding of the human anatomy and most important their brain and eye coordination. Optometry is widely taken as a course in majority of the universities and colleges across the world. This paper aims to analyze the education of optometry in Kenya by investigating the trends, successes and challenges facing the education of optometry.

Education of Optometry in Kenya

Optometry takes approximately 4 years of study in the university to attain a degree or an alternative of 2 to 3 years to attain a diploma. However, the study of optometry in Kenya is not incorporated fully in to the education system leading to fewer opportunities of practice. The institutions known to offer optometry exclusively include Kenya Medical Training College and Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology and Presbyterian University of East Africa. The low count of universities offering optometry indicate a need for full awareness on the roles and description of the optometry as well as the importance of the practice by optometrists in regards to forming well informed diagnosis.


There is need for advancing eye care courses and professional opportunities in Kenya in order to provide adequate services with eye problems and visual issues. The available professionals handing eye care problems in Kenya tend to find themselves doing all the work while in the real sense having professional who can tell develop conclusive diagnosis would help in providing timely interventions and thus reduce eye problems.

The Education of Optometrie in USA and China

USA optometry schools require a baccalaureate degree for applicants to be eligible for
matriculation. To apply, you must complete an OptomCAS application online and take
the Optometry Admissions Test (OAT). The OAT is administered continuously
throughout the year in the USA. The OAT covers Natural Sciences, Physics, Reading
Comprehension, and Quantitative Reasoning. OptomCAS is a centralized application for all Schools of Optometry in the US. Application materials may include official transcripts, essays and letters of recommendation.
Optometry schools in the US are four year programs, and the last year contains clinical
rotations or externships. New students begin didactic education in ophthalmics, optics,
pharmacology, biological science, and vision sciences. After mastering the didactic
material, students are equipped with a firm foundation for optometric care. Optometry
schools commence clinical education through preclinical training laboratories during the first or second year. In the third year of optometry school, students practice patient-care training in the school’s official clinic by seeing various patients in one day. To promote evidence based training, the program administers increasing clinical responsibilities to students while they are supervised by clinical faculty. Fourth year students rotate through externships at different clinics in the US (or abroad). Clinical professors staffed at these externships will provide mentorship and guide students in their training of evidence-based care, diagnosis, treatment, and potential management of ocular disease or disorders in vision. At the end of their fourth and final year in school, students have completed the professional program and will graduate with a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree. New OD’s will be required to pass all three sections of the National Board of Examiners in Optometry Exam (NBEO) to obtain a license to practice optometry in the US.

Photo by Sabel Blanco on

In China, instead of receiving a Doctor of Optometry degree, students can receive
vocational training in optometry, a Bachelor of Science degree in optical ophthalmology, or a medical degree in ophthalmology. There is no centralized application so you will need to apply to each program separately. Optometry education covers the anatomy and refractive system of the eye, and basic understanding in principles of medical physics of the eye. The School of Ophthalmology and Optometry at Wenzhou Medical University (WMU) offers a 3-year program operating in Preparation of Optometry Education. Once students graduate, they become optometric technicians, trainers in visual rehabilitation, or basic level optometrists in hospitals.
WMU also offers a four-year Optical Ophthalmology program. When students graduate,
they receive a Bachelor of Science degree. They will be able to practice in all levels of
hospitals as optometric technicians, optometrists, or trainers in low vision rehabilitation.
To apply to either programs, a certificate of senior high school education, a transcript,
and a copy of your passport is required to be submitted with the application.
In China, optometry is not a regulated profession and optometrists are not certified to
give medical care. If you would like to pursue a medical degree in ophthalmology, a
master’s degree in an affiliated study is required. In the US, optometry is a progressive
legislative occupation. Optometrists in the US will be able to expand their medical scope of practice as more laws are passed.

The Education of Optometry in the Philippines

Our eyes are essential for our overall health. Therefore, you must take action to maintain your eyes healthy. Meanwhile, an optometrist is among the best partner for our eye needs. Being an optometrist is among the noble jobs today. Well, are you an aspiring optometrist in the Philippines? Then, this article is best for you.

Before learning about the optometry in the Philippines, let us know first what optometry is.

What is optometry?

Optometry is a profession that includes examining the eyes as well as visual systems to determine eye defects and other medical conditions. Optometry started with the main focus of refractive error correction using spectacles. However, these days, optometry already involves medical training for management and diagnosis of ocular disease on its educational curriculum. The new curriculum is already regulated and established in the different parts of the world, including in the United States, Philippines, India, and Malaysia, Hong Kong as well as other countries.

Optometry in the Philippines

Do you dream of being an optometrist in the Philippines? Then, you must learn about the following ideas.

The Professional Regulation Commission of the Philippines regulates optometry. You can be a licensed optometrist if you have satisfactorily received a degree in doctor of optometry in an accredited institution. It is also essential that you demonstrate good moral and doesn’t have the previous record of professional misconduct.

The professional organizations in the country involve the Integrated Philippine Association of Optometrists, Inc. and Optometric Association of the Philippines. If you are looking for schools in the Philippines that offer the Optometry course, you can choose from the following:

Philippine Schools for Optometry

 Emilio Aguinaldo College- Cavite Campus

 Manila Central University

 Cebu Doctor’s University

 Centro Escolar University

 Davao Doctors College

 Mindanao Medical Foundation College

 Asian College Foundation

Careers for Optometry graduates

If you are an Optometry graduate in the Philippines, you can get many job opportunities like the following:

 Orthoptist

 Optometrist

 Ocularist

 Ophthalmic Assistant

 Clinical Consultant

 Optometric Journalist

 Refractionist

 Epidemiologist/ Researcher

 College Instructor

 Optician

 Businessman

If you choose to take Optometry, it is a 6 years degree program wherein its curriculum includes 2 years with pre-optometry subjects and supplementary 4 years for optometry proper. As you take the Philippines’ education in Optometry, you can learn different courses which include:

 Physiological Optics

 Human Anatomy and Physiology

 Theoretical Optometry

 Theoretical Optics

 Ocular Prosthetics

 Occupational and Industrial Optometry

 General Pathology

 Ocular Diseases

 Refraction

 General Pharmacology

 Neuro-Optometry/ Neuro-Anatomy

 Contact Lens

 Optometry Economics and Practice Management

 Pediatric Optometry

 Binocular Vision

 Optometry Medicine and more

Aside from the programs mentioned above, you can also take On the Job Training at clinics, hospitals as well as other healthcare facilities. With this, you can put into practice the knowledge and skills that you have to learn with your course.

If your dream is to be an optometrist, you must have a dedication to pursue your goals. It takes patience to complete an Optometry degree. As you get your dream job, it is also essential to maintain your good reputation to make the most of your career.

The Education of Optometry in Pakistan

The School of Optometry in Pakistan is a five-year program. Seven institutes offer a degree in optometry, most of which are colleges of medicine. Practical training in hospitals and laboratories accounts for 60% of their training. Likewise,American Optometric Association (AOA), Pakistan has the Pakistan Optometric Association (POA). In Pakistan, the field of optimizing optometry is not as limited as in other countries, but optometry still lacks the visibility and recognition enjoyed by other medical fields in Pakistan.

Optometry! An emerging field of eye care is not only prescribing glasses or contact lenses, but also seeing. In developing countries like Pakistan, optometry and other health care professional are not well known to the community.

According to the World Council of Optometry (OMD), optometry is an independent health profession. Optometry in Pakistan is educated and regulated, and optometrists are the leading eye and eye health professionals who provide eye care and the delivery, detection / diagnosis and management of eye diseases, as well as the rehabilitation of disorders of the visual system. Optometrists are the leading health care specialists in eye care. They are trained to detect vision defects, ocular lesions, eye diseases or abnormalities.

Doctor of Optometry (OD) Course Details:

The doctorate in optometry is a degree program 5 years after the FSC (Intermediate).

Although the honors bachelor’s degree in science is an honors bachelor’s degree spans a period of 4 years. During this time, students study a specific set of subjects taught at conferences. laboratories and clinics. Subjects usually highlight the physiology and anatomy of the eye, which then leads to the practical application of knowledge.

The first years focus on theory to understand the optical procedure. In order to give students a complete detail, laboratory equipment and models are used.

On the other hand, as the course unfolds, students are taken to ophthalmic clinics to learn the material in a practical way.

Future Professionals in the Field of Doctor of Optometry (OD):

After graduation of four years, optometry and orthoptics specialists can get jobs in optical treatment centers. Students can acquire a well-paying job, which has several prospects for improvement and obtaining promotions.

The jobs offered are of two types: either students can join a hospital or a doctor, or they can start their own business after some experience. The main career of plausible specialists is to be able to prepare the necessary devices to solve optical problems.

Pakistan has several institutions exclusively designed for optical problems, such as the Shifa International Eye Hospital in Rawalpindi. These institutions have a wide reach for qualified students.

Scope of the Doctor of Optometry in Pakistan

Doctor of Optometry is a latest program in Pakistan. It is better than the B.Sc. in Optometry and Orthoptics, because after graduation in OD, you will be called doctor. It’s a good alternative to MBBS and BDS.

Doctor in Optometry (OD) can earn more money than just doctors or dentists because we still need a large number of qualified Optometry Doctors (OD).

You can earn money by locally manufacturing the following products because Pakistan spends a lot of money to import these products, which are also very expensive.

Some optometry doctors are manufacturing these products in Pakistan in a very limited quantity and their profit margin is incredible. As below

Light ocular prosthesis

Adjustable Omni-Fit Enucleation Implant

PMMA reticulated prosthesis

Conform calibrated Prostho-Guide

Artificial eyes

Cosmetic contact shells

Evisceration balls

Muscle implants


Congenital anophthalmia and microphthalmia

Scleral shells

Prosthesis of Exenteration